Vicente Guerrero is regarded as one of Mexico’s most prominent national heroes. He was a key figure in the founding of this magnificent state and assisted in the drafting of its first constitution.
Despite his importance in Mexican history, few people are familiar with this honorable leader.
Vicente Guerrero: Who Is He?
Vicente Ramon Guerrero Saldana was born in Tixla, Guerrero, in a small town. He was born to African-Mexican and Indian parents and is of mestizo descent.
Vicente began working in agriculture with his parents, who were well-known farmers in Tixla, when he was a child.
Ascension to Power
Vicente was exposed to the realm of power while working as a mule driver on his father’s mule run. During his travels throughout Mexico, he heard many anecdotes regarding the country’s independence. This piqued his curiosity, and he eventually joined the resistance against Spanish power while working as a gunsmith’s assistant.
Vicente’s military career was turned around in 1810 when he met General Jose Maria Morelos, a mestizo of African heritage. Vicente’s work impressed Morelos, and he requested him to accompany him in battling Spanish forces in Mexico’s south.
Vicente accepted, and Morelos promoted him to lieutenant colonel after a few battles.
Following the assassination of Morelos by the Spaniards, Vicente rose to become commander in chief. From 1823 to 1824, he was a member of a three-person administration that ruled Mexico. After Guadalupe Victoria, Vicente was elected as Mexico’s second president in 1829.
“Independence and Liberty, or Death, My Homeland Comes First, Before My Father,” is the origin of the famous quote.
The foregoing phrase must be familiar to anyone who has heard of Vicente. It is etched on a plaque dedicated to Vicente in Tixla. Vicente was chosen after he turned down an amnesty offer from the Spanish viceroy, Juan Ruiz de Apodaca, who had sent his father to convince Vicente to throw up his guns.
Despite the guarantee of a lump sum payment and the retention of his military title, Vicente turned down the offer. He spoke the above to his father, who had been dispatched by the Spanish viceroy.
Vicente’s Presidency as Mexico’s Second President
After Guadalupe Victoria, Vicente controlled Mexico as the country’s second president. Vicente’s term was brief, yet he did so much that after his execution, every Mexican was talking about him. On September 16, 1829, he became the first president to formally abolish slavery. Vicente worked for the abolition of both economic and racial inequality during his presidency.
Vicente died unexpectedly, shocking the entire state. Vicente resigned from the presidency in December 1829 to combat a coup led by his vice president, Anastasio Bustamante. Vicente, on the other hand, never made it out alive. On February 14, 1831, he was apprehended and executed by the ex-royalist authority.
His death stunned the nation, with many seeing it as untimely. Vicente’s work continues to sell him to Mexico’s wonderful people, who refer to him as “the greatest man of color.” Guerrero, the state where he was born, bears his name and has as its slogan his famous remark “my motherland comes first.”
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