The African continent which is the mother of humanity, under colonial rule, was a supply base of fuel and other materials to other countries. It was a place where backwardness and poverty had greatly prevailed as a result of colonial and neo-colonial agendas. But now it has become a continent developing on the trajectory of independence, a continent achieving prosperity by its own efforts, even though Europeans are still neck-deep in the control of her resources.
A look at the new Africa draws people to a recollection with deep emotion, the ennobling international obligation with which President Kim II Sung indicated through the means of the Juche idea, which became the road ahead for achieving the cause of independence of mankind. An idea that rendered material and spiritual assistance to the African people in their struggle for national independence and also in the building of a new society. President Kim II Sung led to victory the struggle for national independence in African countries.
He actively supported the line of armed struggle advanced by the National Liberation Front of Algeria, the people who held high the torchlight of anti-imperialist and anti-colonial armed struggle for the first time in the African continent. A struggle which is called the “last refuge” by colonialists after the Korean War in the 1950s.
President Kim gave unsparing material aid to the struggle and also had a day of Algeria and a week of Algeria instituted to express his firm solidarity with the Algerian people. When the Provisional Government of the Algerian Republic was set up, the government of the DPRK recognized it ahead of other countries and established diplomatic relations with it. He also made a historic visit to far-off Algeria in May Juche 64 (1975) to open a new chapter for the strengthening of the Non-Aligned Movement and development of relations of friendship and cooperation with African countries. This deepened the feelings of fraternity with the leaders and people of the country.
He is also associated with the giving of International assistance to the national liberation struggle of the Mozambique people in the 1970s, a period in which the struggle was confronted with a series of difficulties. This assistance was given after Samora Moses Machel, chairman of the Mozambique Liberation Front (Frelimo) and commander-in-chief of the liberation forces, who were in dire need of how to get a light in the tunnel, visited the DPRK in September 1971 to see him(President Kim Il Sung). Prior to their visit, President Kim had already defeated two imperialist powers. At their meeting with him, Kim II Sung instructed that he (Samora) must not lose initiative however desperate the enemy may be.
He also suggested the ways and means the struggle could be done by drawing on his own rich experience in the anti-Japanese armed struggle, suggestions that Machel worked with on his return home. The suggestions were the building of the internal forces of Frelimo, the creation of secret guerrilla bases in primeval forests, and the attacking of the enemy by relying on the built secret guerrilla bases. On the day of declaration of the end of the hundreds of years of colonial rule by imperialists and the complete independence of his country, Machel said this in honor of President Kim; “As the great hero Comrade Kim II Sung indicated the road ahead of us, we were able to cut off the chains that had shackled our forefathers and our legs, free ourselves from the fate of slavery and greet liberation; let us extend the feelings of gratitude together with those of our forefathers to him.”
Machel also had the most beautiful street in the capital city of Maputo named after Kim II Sung.
Robert Mugabe, president of Zimbabwe is also one of those who have learned the iron truth of the revolutionary struggle from President Kim II Sung. After Mugabe’s launch of an armed struggle for the liberation and independence of his country, Mugabe visited the DPRK for the first time in May 1978. At the visit, Kim also suggested with detailed ways that would hasten the final victory of the revolutionary struggle of the Zimbabwean people. He ( Kim Il Sung) also told Mugabe that he would not stop assisting the Zimbabwean people until they emerged victorious in the armed struggle. He also embraced Mugabe and gave him presents of a gold watch and pistol inscribed with his autograph, as well as posh clothing materials. He also told Mugabe that on the day of Zimbabwe’s victory he (Mugabe) should wear the attire of a statesman, not a military uniform.
Even after Zimbabwe’s independence, on Mugabe’s visit to Pyongyang on the occasion of the Sixth Congress of the Workers Party of Korea, Kim II Sung promised him that he would have an army that could guarantee the stability of Mugabe’s government and then sent a delegation to Zimbabwe. He kept to his promise. The delegation helped build in a short span of time, the Zimbabwean army faithful to the ruling party and to the people. Mugabe called it, “the second victory in the revolution”.
Between the late 1960s and the early 1970s, President Kim II Sung ensured that large amounts of weapons, hard currencies, and other military supplies were supplied free of charge to the Angolan people in their national liberation struggle. Assistance was also given on the training of the Angolan freedom fighters. When Angola was thrown into an internal turmoil after gaining independence, he (Kim) sent large amounts of military supplies to the Angolan government for the development and victory of its armed forces.
President Kim II Sung also gave the strongest assistance to Egypt whenever it faced great difficulties, he also sent a dispatch of Korean airmen to Egypt during the October War of 1973.
The national liberation struggles of the people of Uganda in the east of the continent and of Namibia on the Atlantic coast was possible with the assistance rendered by President Kim II Sung.
The African countries struggle to build a new and independent society struck terror in the hearts of the big powers with President Kim II Sung unwavering support. African leaders never failed to see Kim II Sung, especially if they wanted to without fail, wage a revolution. And he often said to his officials “we may tighten our belts and encounter more difficulties but we should render wholehearted support to African countries so that they can achieve complete political and economic independence from imperialist nations and stand on their own”.
In the mid-1970s, at the invitation of Kim, Togo President Etienne Gnassingbe Eyadema arrived at Pyongyang, leading a big delegation. During the talks, the guest asked him about the precious experience the DPRK gained under his leadership. Wearing a broad smile, Kim II Sung explained in detail how the Korean workers manufactured a tractor on the principle of self-reliance in the postwar days and how they developed the country into a socialist industrialized state, independent, self-supporting and self-reliant in national defense guided by the Juche idea.
He stressed that if it fails to build an independent economy run by its own resources, technology, and cadres, no country can frustrate the economic pressure by imperialists and defend its political independence in the long run. He added that economic self-sufficiency is the basis of political independence, praising the Togolese government for nationalizing the country’s natural resources. Later learning that there were few native cadres in Togo, he had Korean officials in relevant sectors sent there on a mission of building a school for training party officials while giving technical assistance for irrigation projects. This was how the Higher Party School under the Rally of the Togolese People covering a total floor space of 15,000m2, was put up in Lomé lying on the shores of the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa. The school served as a base for training competent officials needed for the building of a new society.
In March 1981 when Tanzanian President Julius Nyerere visited Pyongyang, he told President Kim II Sung about agricultural production in his country and requested help in this sector. Learning that irrigation and water pumps were his major concern, Kim said, “we can give you big pumps but in the future, you should make them by yourselves”, then he visited a water pump factory together with the guest. While looking around the factory, he told him how it was built and upgraded. There he promised to assist Tanzania in constructing such a factory. That day a member of the Tanzanian delegation said with deep emotion, “other heads of state would seek profit from the sale of their water pumps but President Kim II Sung traveled a long distance to show us the factory and encouraged us to fend for ourselves, there is nothing greater than this. We need to learn from the Korean people’s spirit of self-reliance.”
A president of Madagascar once said: “Other nations gave us some fish when we were hungry, so that we would rely on them in the future but my brother President Kim II Sung taught us how to catch fish. Thus he has helped us obtain fish by ourselves when we need them.”
Under Kim II Sung’s supervision, research institutes of agriculture were built in Tanzania and Guinea. Korean technicians were also sent to the African continent to provide technical cooperation with agricultural production there. The Guinean president named the institute inaugurated in his country in January 1982, “Kim II Sung Agricultural Science Institute.”
The various structures set up in various parts of the continent with a history associated with President Kim II Sung tell of his benevolence for the African People.
Examples of these structures are; The Arusha Brick Factory in Tanzania, a stadium in Zanzibar, a printing house in Benin, a hydroelectric power station in Ethiopia, National Palace in Guinea, Chollima Agricultural Science Institute in Tanzania, irrigation facilities in Tanzania, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Rwanda and other countries, Juche experimental farm in Ghana, a friendship experimental farm in Zambia, the government building of Lesotho, parliament building of the Central African Republic, an outdoor theatre and revolutionary tower in Burkina Faso, a hall of culture in Benin, and also a Unity Stadium in Victoria, the capital city of Seychelles.
Kim II Sung lives forever in the hearts of the African people as a true friend and benevolent mentor.
The Namibian President, Sam Nujoma also visited President Kim who was his mentor, whenever he was faced with difficulties in the struggle to regain his country’s independence. In September 1992, after achieving his country’s independence and taking office as the President of Namibia, he paid an official visit to Pyongyang, leading a high-level delegation. He expressed his thanks to President Kim II Sung for helping the Namibian people.
Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni visited Pyongyang several times to meet President Kim II Sung. Kim also gave him advice on achieving national independence and building a new society. In the 1980s, Kim had large quantities of military hardware sent to Uganda. On the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the death of President Kim Il Sung the Ugandan President visited the DPRK embassy in his country and laid a wreath before his portrait. Then he said: “President Kim Il Sung was the savior of the African people who gave positive help to them in their national liberation struggle and; in particular, he rendered material aid and moral support to the Ugandan people in their struggle for independence and development; we will remember him forever.”
Till date, many personages of political parties, public organizations, and institutions in Guinea, Mali, Zimbabwe, Burkina Faso, Nigeria, and other African countries have the portraits of President Kim Il Sung hanged on the walls of their offices, conference halls, lecture rooms, libraries or homes to pay their respects to the peerlessly great man. A celebration of his honor can also be seen by the special event that took place on April 15, 1995, in Nigeria. At the event, the Chieftaincy Title of Anyanwu (Sun), the first of its kind in Nigeria, was awarded to him. It was attended by the king of the Umozi community. Asking an official from the DPRK to convey the certificate of the title, costume, necklace, bracelet, baton, cap, and the throne of the chieftain to Kim Il Sung, the king said, “A great man is immortal with his great idea. My community solemnly swear in the name of the Niger River and the land of our ancestors that we will trust in and follow forever the great President Kim Il Sung as the Sun from one generation to the next.”
The Nigerian Society of the Sun was established the day after the event to reflect the desire of the Nigerian people to uphold President Kim Il Sung, as the eternal Sun.
Committees for the remembrance of President Kim Il Sung have been organized in Ghana, Angola, Togo, Zimbabwe, Zambia, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Guinea, Equatorial Guinea, and other African countries. These committees cherish the support given by President Kim Il Sung, Obiang Nguema Mbasogo(president of Equatorial Guinea), Lansana Conte, (former president of Guinea), Alpha Oumar Konare( former president of Mali and former chairman of the African Union Commission), and other heads of state and prominent figures in Africa who made a great contribution to the cause of global independence.
The regional online forum of President Kim Il Sung and the Independent Development of Africa on July 8, 2014, called on the leaders of the African countries who are in need of national prosperity and independent development to learn from the lessons taught by President Kim Il Sung.
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